Din Torah (Litigation in Jewish Court)
According to halachah, when Jews have a dispute, they are obligated to adjudicate their case in beis din rather than a secular court. A Din Torah begins when the Rabbinical Council is contacted by the plaintiff, who provides an outline of his or her claims.
The Din Torah process continues with beis din issuing to the defendant(s) a hazmanah (letter of summons), which contains a description of the charges or complaints. Should the defendant(s) not appear at a Din Torah, the beis din will determine what further action should be taken.
When both parties appear at a Din Torah, they are asked to sign a shtar berurin (arbitration agreement), which indicates their willingness to be bound by the decision rendered by the beis din. Secular courts respect this document and treat it as a binding arbitration agreement. The beis din is comprised of three dayanim (judges) who hear the case and issue their judgment with fairness, integrity, sensitivity and knowledge and respect for Jewish law.
For Dinei Torah questions, please call Rabbi Reuven Kasierer at (301) 770-0078 ext. 3 or visit our "Frequently Asked Questions"